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History of Berlin
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Berlin covers an area of 892 sq. km., i.e. eight times the size of Paris or the equivalent of New York; the city stretches 38 km from north to south and 45 m from west to east.
Around the year1920, Berlin was the biggest city of the world!

The city's highest elevation is Müggelberg "mountain" of 115 m and, since 1969, its tallest building is the Television Tower with 368 m. Enjoy the view from its restaurant and platform, situated at 203 m, that revolves around its axis every 30 minutes.
Berlin lies at an average level of 64 m; the city centre at a level of only 32 m above sea level.

Latitude  52° 31' 00"
Longitude 13° 23' 40"

Berlin is a city of lakes, rives and canals. River Spree crosses through the city from east to west. The biggest lake is "Müggelsee" in the east of the city. Abundance of water is one of the reasons why Berlin only in 1857 got a public water supply and distribution system. There are several beaches and bathing places if you feel like a swim.

The Polish border lies at a distance of 70 km from Berlin.



The current population (01/2005) of Berlin is 3,398,362. Despite this elevated number (2nd biggest city in the EU), this is still one million less than before WW II.
2.3 million live in the western part of the city and 1.1 in the eastern districts. 13.2% of the population are of non-German nationality.

29,000 births per year (Prenzlauer Berg borough had the highest birth rate in Germany) stand for a young city which, of course is partly due to the numerous colleges and universities.

No major demographic changes are expected in the coming years.


Since June 20, 1991 Berlin officially is once again the capital of Germany, the land being reunited since October 3, 1990 (national holiday).

Berlin is one of 16 German federal states and is composed by 12 boroughs or districts (23 until the end of the year 2000). The Governing Maire of Berlin is Klaus Wowereit (of the Social Democrats - SPD), government is formed by a coalition of SPD und Linkspartei-PDS (Socialists).

The new parliamentary quarter occupies the area known as Spreebogen, but ministeries and secretaries are dispersed over the whole city. The Federal Goverment is one of the most important employers in Berlin.

LatLon offers a guided tour through the centre of Berlin which provides an insight in the city's current political role while tracing, at the same time, the testimony of the GDR and the Nazi regimes.



 Average net-income: 1 475€
 Unemployment rate: 18 %
 Tourists per year: 4 984 379 (2003) - 5 923 793 (2004) !!!
 Universities and colleges: 18

Until the Nazis took over power, in 1933, Berlin was the most important industrial centre of Germany. Political reunification had a disastrous effect on the industry of the former GDR (not many of its formerly state-owned companies survived the following years) - which is one the reasons for the high unemployment rate in Berlin. The city has just started to slowly recover from the impact of economic overthrow.

Berlin has become an attractive touristic destination and the number of overnight stay continues to rise. The face of the city is constantly changing: New residential quarters, renovated and refurbished historical buildings, recently constructed train lines and stations, a new airport planned to open in 2010.

The removal of the goverment seat and the growing tourism are only two of the many factors that contribute to the city's increasing attractivity, especially in the sector of the media: besides international companies who moved their regional headquarters to Berlin like Sony, Sony Music-BMG, Universal and MTV or ABB, IBM, Coca Cola, Daimler-Benz, Samsung etc., there are traditional Berlin-based companies like Siemens and Schering (the latter just having merged with Bayer).

Berlin invites people to stay, study and research at its universities (Humboldt, Technical and Free University), colleges and numerous other scientific institutions
. Names of great personalities like Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Heinrich Heine, Adelbert von Chamisso, Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx and Kurt Tucholsky are closely linked to the city, thanks to Humboldt-University where, until the present day, 27 Nobel prize laureates have come from.

Berlin is an emergent metroplis, bursting with creativity...


   Some more interesting figures:

416,000 trees (Europe's greenest city)
79,059 parks and public gardens
128 museums
293 cinemas
53 theatres
2 big zoos (East and West)
193 sports clubs

Overall length of Berlin's public transport network: 1,924.5 km

More statistics on Berlin :     Statistisches Landesamt Berlin



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